Academic Year 2023/2024 - Docente: CONCETTO SPAMPINATO

Risultati di apprendimento attesi

The course covers the fundamental concepts of machine and deep learning methods and how to use them for extracting, modelling and visualizing the learned knowledge.

Topics include: linear and logistic regression, support vector machines, neural networks with backpropagation, convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks, methods for representation learning, and how to use them under different learning regimes (supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning) and in variety of real-world applications ranging from computer vision, machine translation and medical image analysis.

The learning objectives are:

  • to understand and use the main methodologies and techniques for learning from data
  • to understand the main methodologies to design and implement machine learning methods for real-world applications
  • to understand how to extract and learn knowledge in scenarios when supervision cannot be provided
  • to understand and foresee the reliability of machine learning methods in operational scenarios.

Knowledge and understanding

  • To understand the main concepts of learning from data
  • To understand concepts and tools for building intelligent systems using supervision and no supervision
  • To understand the most important machine learning and artificial intelligence methodologies and techniques used by industries to make sense of data in order to support the decision process
  • To understand what are the most appropriate techniques to be used in different real-world applications

Applying knowledge and understanding

  • To be able to effectively understand and use the main tools for creating, loading and manipulating datasets.
  • To design and implement from scratch a machine learning system following application-derived constraints in terms of modelling and data
  • To understand proper benchmarks and baselines and analysing achieved results and their generalization in real-world applications
  • To be able to apply methodologies and techniques to analyse data.

    Making judgements 

    • To be able to identify the most suitable model to address a complex data analysis problem
    • To be able to identify the motivations of underfitting and overfitting by a specific model
    • To Iteratively refine a model by designing specific models to learn desired features 


      • Learning how to discuss critically the pros and cons of deep learning techniques 

      Lifelong learning skills

      • To be able to design a sound and complete methodological approach given a real-world data analysis problem 
      • To gain independence in handling machine learning techniques beyond the ones presented during the course
      • To design and develop robust, calibrated, effective and efficient deep learning-based pipelines adapted to specific problems

      Course Structure

      The main teaching methods are as follows:

      • Lectures, to provide theoretical and methodological knowledge of the subject;
      • Hands-on exercises, to provide “problem solving” skills and to apply design methodology;
      • Laboratories, to learn and test the usage of related tools.
      • Paper reading and presentations to enhance understanding of the core concepts
      • Seminars by renowned experts (from both universities and industries) in the field to understand the current state of the art.

      Should teaching be carried out in mixed mode or remotely, it may be necessary to introduce changes with respect to previous statements, in line with the programme planned and outlined in the syllabus.

      Required Prerequisites

      Python programming language, statistical learning basic concepts

      Attendance of Lessons

      Strongly recommended. Attending and actively participating in the classroom activities will contribute positively towards the overall assessment of the final exam.

      Detailed Course Content

      The course will be addressing the general and modern techniques based on machine and deep learning paradigms to create intelligent systems from data and how it is possible to extract, represent and visualize knowledge from data and trained models.

      Machine Learning Basics

      • Linear and Logistic Regression
      • Feature selection: PCA
      • Support Vector Machines

      Neural Networks and Backpropagation

      • Derivatives and Gradient Descent
      • Neural Network Representation, Gradient descent for Neural Networks
      • Forward and Back Propagation
      • The revolution of depth: deep learning
      • Optimization algorithms: Mini-batch gradient descent, Exponentially weighted average, Gradient descent with momentum, RMSprop, Adam optimization algorithm, Learning rate decay
      • Training aspects of deep learning: Regularization, Dropout, Normalizing inputs, Vanishing / Exploding gradients, Weight Initialization for Deep Networks

      Convolutional Neural Networks

      • Foundations: padding, strided convolution, dilation, 2D and 3D convolution, pooling
      • State of the art models: AlexNet, ResNets, DenseNets, Inception
      • Transfer Learning and Data Augmentation

      Recurrent Neural Networks

      • LSTM and variants
      • Attention mechanisms
      • Transformers

      Unsupervised Learning with Deep Networks

      • Representation and Feature Learning
      • Autoencoders and Variational Autoencoder

          Generative AI

          • Generative adversarial networks
          • Diffusion models

          Explainable AI

          • Principles of explainability vs interpretability 
          • Post-hoc explanatory methods (e.g., IG and CAM)
          • Model agnostic (e.g., SHAP)

          Deep Learning Frameworks:

          • Overview of the most used DL frameworks
          • PyTorch and Jupyter Notebooks

          Foundation models:

          • Vision-language FM
          • Segmentation
          • Generation

          Textbook Information

          1. Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning, C. Bishop, 2006

          2. Deep Learning. I. Goodfellow, Y. Bengio and A. Courville, MIT Press, 2016

          3. Programming PyTorch for Deep Learning, I. Pointer, O'Reilly Media

          4. Teaching materials and reading paper list provided by the instructor

          Course Planning

           SubjectsText References
          1Linear and Logistic Regression1
          2Feature and model selection1
          3Non-linear classification1
          4Neural networks: derivatives, gradient descent, back-propagation3
          5Deep Learning: basic concepts, optimization algorithms, training procedures1,3
          6Convolutional Neural Networks1,3
          7Explainable AI3,4
          8Recurrent Neural Networks1,3
          9Attention mechanisms and Transformers3
          10Unsupervised Learning with Deep Networks: Representation and Feature Learning1,3
          11Autoencoders and Variational Autoencoders1,3
          12Generative Adversarial Networks1,3
          13Diffusion models3
          14Deep Learning Frameworks: PyTorch and Jupyter Notebooks2,3

          Learning Assessment

          Learning Assessment Procedures

          The final exam consists of:

          1.  The development of a project in Pytorch, addressing one of the topics discussed during classes, together with a final report (structured as a scientific paper) discussing motivation, models, datasets and results used in the project.
          2. A theory test on the topics presented during the course.

          The exam is evaluated according to the ability to create a deep learning model from scratch for extracting and learning knowledge from data on a given real-world problem, to understand how to properly measure its performance and to motivate the devised solutions.

          The grading policy for the course is:

          • Maximum 16 points for the final project

          • Maximum 16 points for theory test

          The course also foresees intermediate assignments only for students attending the course. These assignments include: a) the presentation of a scientific paper, b)  theory test to verify the correct understanding of the presented techniques and 3) a technical project. The grading policy is this case is the following one

          • Maximum 9 points for theory test

          • Maximum 6 points for paper presentation

          • Maximum 3 points for class attendance

          • Maximum 16 points for the project

          Learning assessment may also be carried out on line, should the conditions require it.

          Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises

          Examples of questions and exercises are available on the Studium platform and on the course website.